The Large Hadron Collider Is About to Ramp Up to Unprecedented Energy Levels :- Ten years ago, scientists were able to discover the Higgs boson particle and use the Large Hadron Collider to help understand our universe.
He did it again in 2018, unlocking new insights on protons. Now, with a new host of questions, they plan to restart particle accelerators this month to possibly better understand cosmic unknowns like dark matter.
“It’s a particle that has answered some questions for us and given many others,” said Dr. Yale University professor of physics. Sarah Demers told NPR. The Higgs boson particle was first observed when scientists at the European Center for Nuclear Research, or CERN, slammed and crashed the particles together at near the speed of light.
They did this using the Large Hadron Collider – the world’s largest and most powerful particle accelerator. Since 1964, physicists have proven the existence of this particle, but it took almost 50 years to find evidence. Scientists believe that the Higgs field formed a tenth of a billionth of a second after the Big Bang, and without it stars, planets and life would not have arisen.
The proof of the existence of the Higgs boson was a major milestone in fundamental physics, and won Dr. François Englert and Dr. Peter Higgs the Nobel Prize in Physics. Despite the scientific achievement, the work of understanding how the universe operates is far from over.
The collider completed a second experimental run in 2018 that gave new insights into the structures of protons and the decay of the Higgs boson. And after more than three years of maintenance and upgrades, the collider will launch again on Tuesday — this time tripling the data, maintaining the intense beam for longer and generally enabling more studies.
“There has to be more because we can’t explain a lot of things around us,” Demers said at CERN, working on the third run. “There’s something really big missing, and really big, we’re talking about 96 percent of the universe that’s really big.
” What Demers is referring to are dark matter, which is the invisible substance believed by observation of the universe, and dark energy, which fuels the accelerating expansion of the universe. She hopes the upcoming run will yield an elusive but enormous amount of insight into our universe.
In a news release, CERN wrote, “Finding answers to these and other intriguing questions will not only advance our understanding of the universe at the smallest scales, but will also help to unlock some of the biggest mysteries of the entire universe.” as how it became as it is, and what could be its ultimate fate.”